Ansgar arrived at Birka on the island of Öland, not to the island of Björkö in the lake Mälaren!

Ansgar, apostle of the Nordic countries, was bishop of Hamburg-Bremen in 832-865

Öland is an island in the Baltic Sea [Swedish: Östersjön].

Öland is known for it's many windmills


Köpingsvik The Vikings where Christened! Heretical-Christians
A grave of a king Skedemoss Odin (Woden) and Thor
Thor's hammer Pictures of the bay at Köpingsvik Sources



I made my military service without weapons on Björkö for 415 days 1968-69. Björkö is fantastic in it's own way and here the archeologists have found a town from the time of the Vikings, but:

Because of this I think that the theory of Professor Matts Dreijer is "right": The town on Björkö was a center for the trade with slaves. One "proof" could be the Viking raid in 1187 against Sigtuna. Sigtuna is the successor of the town on Björkö. This raid could have been Slavic people who at last came to "hit back". In the battle at Sigtuna 1187 the Swedish archbishop Johannes was killed and the town Sigtuna was burnt down.

Picture-proof - The Bay, which faces towards the north in the Baltic sea, cf. Adam of Bremen, chapter 60


When they begun to build the big bridge to Öland in the beginning of the 1970-th, they also got to make the road on the island broader. As they did that they also discovered a lot of ancient remains and they send for some archaeologists. The archaeologists also came to Köpingsvik. The name of the village is Köpingsvik (vik = bay), while the name of the parish is Köping (= market town). Here they found an area of "black earth" (remains of ancient settlings, above all the ashes from the fireplaces). This area of "black earth" is 4 times larger than the corresponding area at Björkö! At the same time it is twice as large as the corresponding area at Hedeby the Viking town of Denmark. The Viking town at Köping is at the same size as the Viking towns of Dorestad in Frisland and Jomsborg in Poland. This information is from the head of the excavations, the Danish archaeologist Sören Nancke-Krogh, who at that time was the head of the Archaeological Museum of Gothenburg/Göteborg (GAM). The excavations showed:

The Vikings where Christened!

Latest research made by the Danish archeologist Sören Nancke-Krogh has showed that the Vikings already were christened! Ansgar came to convert them to "Church-Christianity", to the faith of the Catholic Church. The Vikings had an other type of the Christian faith, which is known in history as Heretical-Christianity, since it is different from the "common faith" in several important respects. Because of this traditional research has not "found" the Vikings as Christened, as they were only looking for Christianity with the common characteristics!

This Nancke-Krogh discovered during a universitytrip to Bosnien-Hercegovina in 1969, when he noticed that the stonereliefs there had the same motive and symbols, as he had seen in the old Danish churches. Already in 1964 he begun to make copies of the stonepictures in the old medieval Danish churches. This work 30 years later resulted in a book, Stenbilleder i danske kirker [Stonepictures in the Danish Churches, 1995, (Sb p. 170f). See "Bibliography" down.
The first church in Denmark was built by Ansgar in Hedeby in 850, while the first church in Sweden was built by Ansgar in 830 in Birka at Öland. The church of king Harald Blåtand was built in a. 665 in Jelling, it was a stave church. Nancke-Krogh's research has shown that stave churches and stone churches were built at the same time, not that the stave churches were built first and later followed by the stone churches (Sb p. 21f). Remaining stonepictures in the Danish churches from the end of the 1000-century and until a. 1215 characterized of "simple symbols", which reminds of the pictures of the rock carvings (Sb p. 24). They are simple symbols, which tells us about the christen faith of the Vikings - about the heretics. These simple symbols have according to Nancke-Krogh been used in Scandinavian since a. year 400. In 1199 the pope forbid the laymen to read the Bible, as one stadium in the fight against the Heretical-Christians. Among others it was the Dominican monks, who went out to preach the "catholic gospel" to the people in order to convince them that the Heretical-Christians were wrong and convert them. The stonepictures in the churches from a. 1215 tells the "gospel" of the catholic church! (p. 154-158).

Heretical-Christians differ from the "common" Christians in some ways:

There seems to have been at least three different types of Heretical-Christians in Scandinavian:

Some of these heretics built monasteries instead of churches. It seems that the so called Trellecastles are monasteries. They are not situated in strategically good places. They are built in a round shape with two main streets, which makes the monastery look like a big "circlecross", which also belongs to the symbols of the heretics.

Among others it seems to have been the people of the horsemen Huns, who brought this kind of the Christian faith to Scandinavian!
On the well-known Sparlösastenen there are a lot of the symbols of the Heretical-Christians:

Foto Kjell Åberg 1999-06-28 The Thor's hammer has been misinterpreted!

This is not a hammer, it's a swordhilt! This is one of the symbols of the Heretical-Christians. The Sword is one of the symbols which is used in the Bible for the Word of God, Ef. 6:17 and Heb. 4:12. According to John. 1:14 the Word of God became flesh, i. e. the man Jesus (the face). The Sword is also a symbol of Jesus Christ as the judge of the world, Matt. 25:31-46; Rev. 1:16 and Jes. 49:2. Is probably that it is the words in Rev. 1:16 and 19:15, which has inspired to this piece of jewelery. Since the swordblade is missing one could say that the persons who wear this piece of jewelery will be the swordblade themselves, i. e. a soldier of Jesus Christ, 2 Tim. 2:3! This is also what you became through the baptism to Christ and at some of the oldest baptismal fonts in the Scandinavian countries there is a picture of a knight with a sword! NB: This is an interpretation by Kjell G. Åberg, not the interpretation of Nancke-Kroghs, he writes that he thinks that the face of this piece of jewelery is the eagle of Christ, which is depicted at this piece of jewelery (p. 131). As far as I know there is no eagle of Christ in the Bible.

The church as the body of Christ, according to the  Heretical-Christians, from: Shamanens Hest If you compare these two pictures, you will see that it's the same thought behind both and the ornaments at the bottom are almost identical. The church is the body of Christ according to Kol. 1:18; Ef. 1:22-23. The "body" which is used in this picture is the tent of the old horsemen, the Jurte. This is also this tent which you can see at the top of the rune stone at Sparlösa
. The leader of the Heretical-Christians red the Bible a lot and their interpretations were very literal. The Pope didn't like their interpretations and in 1199 he forbid the laymen to read the Bible!

A grave of a king

The graves of the foremost are a little in the north of Köpingsvik at Klinta hill, the highest hill of the island. Klinta's east settlement has been an enfeoffment of the king. The boatgraves which are here be in a class by onself in the whole of Scandinavian countries. In one of this graves, which from the beginning of the 1000th century, there was found the remaining burned bones after a man and a woman. Of the man there was not many pieces of bones left, so perhaps he'll be buried at several other places, which was used about kings and saints. In the grave there were a can of bronze, which has come from West Turkeystan (?), Samarkand or Buchara. From this time there are only five known cans of bronz of this type from Scandinavian. There were also all kinds of animalbones in the funeral pyre: hose, cow, swine, sheep, dog and cat, but also a piece of bone (from the upper part of the arm) from a polar bear and that is most unusual during this time. Later sources tell us that a king could have a polar bear and Björn (bear) was earlier A common name of kings in Sweden. When Ansgar first came to Birka, the name of the Swedish king was Björn. There is also another quite unique find in this grave, it's a scepter or staff of iron, which besides a staff of a shaman only could be in connection with a similar sceptre from the Christian grave with the king's ship at Sutton Hoo in England, with a deer as symbol of Christ at it's top. At the top of the scepter/staff in the grave at Klinta there is a house of bronze with an arched roof, like the shrines of that time, perhaps it could be a symbol of the heavenly Jerusalem.
Among other things they have also found a silvertreasure from the 900th century at Klinta. This has been very known all over the world particularly through a little fine womanfigure, a woman with a drinking horn or cup. It got paralels both in England and in Denmark. It a Christian subject.
At Klinta there is also the remnant of one of the biggest gravemound of stones of Sweden, king's Sote's mound, 60 m in diameter! This could tell us that Klinta could have been a center for the kings, which is older than Borgholm's castle, but it could also had been a kind of a noble man, who lived here, higher than merchantpeople down at the naturharbour in Köpingsvik. It seem like Ansgar's king Björn has been remembered in the local traditions at the island, but the tradition locate his residence to Björnhovda, which is situated at Färjestaden, a. 25 km in the south of Borgholm. At the Färjestaden's manor house in 1860 there was found a neckcollar or ring of pure gold - a piece of jewelery for a king!


Skedemoss is near Köpingsvik, in southeast some kilometers. Here will three parishes and two districts meet. The Archeological research has shown that here were horses sacrificed in a Southsiberian way already in the time of the birth of Christ. They have also sacrificed people here! This reminds us of the story which Adam of Bremen tells about the sacrifices which were held at the pagan temple at Ubsola. Some kilometers in the north of the moss there is a place named Uppsala!
In Skedemoss the archeologist also have found the largest find of sacrificed weapons in Sweden. After a victory the people usually sacrificed the enemy's armors and weapons in a lake (which later become a moss). In Denmark there are eight mosses where the archeologists have found sacrificed weapons. In Skedemoss people have been sacrificed weapons from a. the year 200 until a. the year 500 A. D. Because of this Öland seems to have been the Centrum of a Southswedish kingdom!
Among the finds there are some arrows of bone of the type which the people of the horsemen Huns used!

Odin and Thor

The Vikings were of Heretical-Christianity and from the time of the Vikings are, according to Sören Nancke-Krogh, neither any known pagan cult center, nor any known picture of a pagan god! It's Snorre who has misled us!
Oden (Woden) was a historical person, according to the Anglo-Saxon chronicle he was the great grandfather of the brothers Hengest and Horsa, who in 443 established the Anglo-Saxon royal house (Sh p. 64). It's Snorre who gives the horse Sleipner with eight legs to Odin and the two ravens! There are only three ancient pictures in Scandinavia of a horse with eight legs, all are at the island of Gotland, two pictures are dated from the time before the Vikings and the last picture is younger than the Vikings. It's the horse of a Shaman, not Odin's! (Sh p. 7).
The stories about the god Thor and his hammer Mjölner are also younger than the Vikings and appear first in a late Eddaic poem in the 1300-century. In the Christian art (i. e. all known pictures of Thor) he is a Christian hero, who fight against the serpent, i. e. Satan! (Sh p. 132). The hammer of Thor will probably be a type of the "double-key", the symbol of the apostle Peter and of the Catholic Church's "key-power" (Sh p. 129-134). There are only one known picture of Thor, where he has a hammer and it is not like the piece of jewelry which is called "the hammer of Thor" (Sh p. 133).


There are more sources, but they are in Swedish and at the Swedish page.

The bay at Köpingsvik facing against north!

A picture of the bay at Köpingsvik

A picture of the bay at Köpingsvik

A picture of the bay at Köpingsvik

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Borgholm's ruined castle, which forerunner was the stronghold where king Björn reside in 830. Photo in 1999 by Kjell Åberg